In the thought process behind cropping the image and give reasons why I made certain decisions and changes, what effects composition and the overall feel, and why I think those make sense. Some people have the tendency to apply certain strategies over and over again. However, it might appear refreshing to take a step back and think about what you do and why you change something to accomplish a goal you might have set beforehand.

If you haven’t read Part 1 about setting the base for the image and blending different Raw conversions…check here

Introduction

We all know there are certain rules or guidelines in photography or in the art in general. We all agree on the benefit of knowing them and know that there are times to not follow the rules. In some way, crop and composition can be a personal preference. I do not want to give art lessons but explain what goes around in my head, and give reasons for the decisions made. In this particular picture, there were several elements fighting for attention and my goal was to arrange them to create a final piece that was kind of balanced and still represented the vision the photographer and his team had.

Those of you who want to follow my edit and try for yourself should head over to our free raw files.

Now let’s get to the “rules” that might apply to the image and why I decided for or against them. Again, some things might be preferred and I do not want to make a lesson out of it. I will just mention the things that came to my mind while editing.

Fill The Frame

Boutique Retouching shadow-detail-150x150 Crop and Composition - Is Symmetry Always The Way To Go?

Boutique Retouching linus_after-200x300 Crop and Composition - Is Symmetry Always The Way To Go?  Compared to the original framing, I wanted to create more impact and focus the viewer’s eyes more on the face. For me, the hand and face fought equally for my attention and I definitely wanted the eyes to become the focus, so I decided to crop in.

Cropping tight and cutting facial features can go wrong because they may lose dimension, so I had to be careful when cropping around her head. I left the shading in so that the viewer could see that her forehead curves and imagine where her hairline starts without having the impression that her head is floating in the frame. Regarding the hand, If I decided to crop tighter and lost the curve of her wrist, the image would definitely lose shape and become a huge mess.

Symmetry

Boutique Retouching LeonardDaVinciFaceMaskOnly_vali_de-120x90 Crop and Composition - Is Symmetry Always The Way To Go?  face symmetry da Vinci

To a certain point, symmetry seems to be a huge go to in beauty photography, mostly because humans consider symmetrical faces as more beautiful. I don’t expect to say something new here because many artists have dealt with these concepts in the past (see the picture of da Vinci). So, according to this it often seems obvious to make facial features more symmetrical, especially when shot frontal. As you can see on my markups, that would not have been such a big deal. A little bit of lifting here and there, and turning the picture to get the eye line straight. Nothing serious as far as editing goes.

But even when doing those corrections,Boutique Retouching straigt_corrections-300x128 Crop and Composition - Is Symmetry Always The Way To Go?  some things seem not to fit. There is a strain of hair going along her face, which I consider an element that needs to be enhanced, as being part of the hairstyle. On one side the hair covers some parts of the face on the other side it does not. The hand is also an element that does not match with the idea of symmetry in this picture. So facial symmetry seems to not improve the picture and I decided to look for other solutions.

Final Composition And Crop – The Big Mess Up With EverythingBoutique Retouching linus_cropping-and-composition-200x300 Crop and Composition - Is Symmetry Always The Way To Go?

So, playing with the image here and then during retouching, I hardly found a solution I was satisfied with. I tried Golden Mean, Rule Of Thirds, Golden Spiral and somehow noticed that I can mismatch to certain rules, and can still incorporate certain geometrical aspects of others.
Those geometrical rules build upon each other or are at least related to each other. Placing the subject off center and having it slightly offset seemed to fit with my intention to keep the hair strain and certain symmetry issues I was faced with. For me, it creates the tension the image needs.

You can see how I placed the facial axis exactly between the golden mean and a guideline for the rule of thirds and created a new center point for the image to relate to. The eyes are also placed in a certain position. One is the center point for using a golden spiral that follows the strain of hair along the face and curves back with the hand. My intention with this was: even if I toned the hand down and a person does not immediately look to the eyes, the light transition and geometry should lead anyone’s eye where I wanted them to be. Plus, I created some white space for eyes to follow the strain of hair. That again gives the image some room and the image does not look pushed as much.

Conclusion

I hope I could remind you as a reader that there is more to creating images than “perfect skin”. As in photography, the image is not created by pressing a button, nor is this the case with retouching. We should keep crop and composition in mind as a tool we can use.

Even I had to realize that it is not always in the image’s intention being pressed into rules and making it fit for everything. As with skin retouching, one always needs to consider what steps to take that the image will benefit from. Because if it does not, we should not think about taking actions and wasting our times.

Preview Part 3

In part three I will describe my thought process on how to recreate the lighting situation. What I changed lighting-wise and how this matches with real-life scenarios in photography using different light shaping tools and placements. I will try to describe how this suits the intention I had with the image.

~Daniel

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Daniel

After years of working in a stressful IT environment and combating a mental illness, Daniel finally found fulfillment in the creative field. By using the process of retouching as a therapy and drawing from his technical background Daniel grew to become an award-winning, internationally published retoucher and Adobe Photoshop Certified Expert in less than two years. His retouching agency, BOUTiQUE RETOUCHING, offers both professional retouching services for high-end clients as well as professional education in an effort to help others reach the same results that Daniel takes pride in. Daniel will happily answer any of your questions!

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